Anatomy of a Killing BBC News (Subtitulado)

these women and children are being led to their deaths the soldiers accused them of belonging to the jihadist group Boko Haram in the final scene of this video too graphic to show here they’re blindfolded forced to the ground and shot at close range 22 times one of the women still has the baby strapped to her back the video began to circulate on July 10th 2018 some claimed that this atrocity took place in Mali [Music] but others said it was filmed in the far north of Cameroon where government soldiers have been fighting Boko Haram since 2014 the government of Cameroon initially dismissed the video has fake news a month later they announced that seven members of the military were under investigation but there has still been no official admission that these killings were carried out on Cameroonian soil by government soldiers and there is still no guarantee that anyone will be held to account so how can we tell what really happened here over the next few minutes we are going to follow these women and children on the short walk to the end of their lives and to glean from this video the clues that tell us where this happened when it happened and who is responsible for this atrocity [Music] this looks like the kind of dusty anonymous track that could be anywhere in the Sahel but the first 40 seconds of the film capture a mountain range with a distinctive profile we spent hours trying to match this range to the topography of northern Cameroon and then in late July we received a tip-off from a Cameroonian source have you looked at the area near Salavat close to the town of Salavat we found a match for the ridge line it places the scene on a dirt road just outside a village called crowler Marfa a few hundred meters away is the border with Nigeria the video also reveals other details that can be matched precisely to what we see on the satellite imagery this track these buildings and these trees putting all this evidence together we can say with certainty that the killings took place here less than a kilometer away in Salavat we found this compound and identified it as a combat outpost used by the Cameroonian military in their fight against Boko Haram we’ll come back to this base later exactly when the killings took place is at first sight harder to say but again the video contains clues this building is visible and satellite imagery but only until February 2016 the murders must have happened before that date satellite images also capture this structure the walls surrounding it are present in imagery dated March 2015 but had not yet been built in November 2014 giving us an earliest possible date for the atrocity the video also reveals this footpath a path that only appears in the hot dry season between January and April there are other less obvious clues in the video as they lead these women away the soldiers like moving sundials cast shadows on the track a simple mathematical formula tells us the angle of the Sun in comparison to the horizon we can also see what direction the light is coming from when we add this data to our location we can get a precise time frame for this event the killings happened between March 20th and April 5th 2015 we now know where this happened and we know when it happened but who are the men who murdered these women and children in July a search aroma bakery Cameroon’s minister of communication insisted that the killers are not Cameroonian soldiers and presented what he claimed was irrefutable evidence from the video itself the weapons he said are not those used by the Cameroonian Army in this area of operation but our analysis shows that one of these guns is a Serbian made Zastava m-21 it’s rare in sub-saharan Africa but it is used by some divisions of the Cameroonian military Bukhari also claimed that a close examination of the video shows the soldiers wearing colorful forest style camouflage in the far north he said Cameroonian soldiers wear pale desert style fatigues a closer look at the evidence reveals this Cameroonian soldiers seen here in a 2015 report by channel 4 news filmed in Xela Fett wearing darker forest style fatigues similar to those seen in the video on Facebook we also found these pictures of other Cameroonian soldiers wearing the same type of camouflage the images are tagged to cell effete Bukhari also questioned why the soldiers are not wearing the standard combat gear of troops stationed in that area heavy helmets bulletproof vests and ranges boots the answer is that the soldiers were not out on patrol they were just a few hundred meters away from the combat outpost we saw earlier we know that this is a military base because we match the features visible and satellite imagery to the details in the channel for news report that was shot here in 2015 in August this year an amnesty international investigators spoke with residents of zenefits who had been displaced by the fighting to a nearby town among them was a man who said that he saw these women and children being brought into the base by Cameroonian soldiers a short while after they were led away he said he heard gunfire in August there was a sudden change in the government’s position after weeks of denying that these killings took place in Cameroon Vicari announced that seven members of the Cameroonian military had been arrested and were under investigation our analysis has identified three men who actually pulled the trigger one of them is this man introduced at the start of the film as chocho we found a facebook profile that links the nickname Chacho to a soldier called Syriac Patiala a Syriac Patiala is among the detainees named by the government the BBC has also spoken with a former Cameroonian soldier who confirmed that this is Chacho Syriac Patiala at the end of the film we see him again blindfolding the little girl he’s about to kill a few seconds later he draws his weapon and opens fire our analysis identified two other guns that were used in the killing one of them was in the hands of this man we see him here blindfolding the woman with the baby seconds before the shooting starts our military source identified him as Barnabas gun or so although we were not able to confirm identification a very similar name Barnabus Donna sue appeared eleven days later on the government’s list of soldiers who are now under investigation the third weapon used in the killing is this estaba M 21 we saw earlier it is in the hands of a man introduced in the video as second class Cobra Cobra so who is Cobra as the women and children are killed Cobra is the last man still firing into the bodies one of his colleagues calls out Sangha leave it there dead when he still does not stop shooting they call out again that’s enough Sangha that’s enough the name Sangha also appears on the list of men under investigation suggesting that Cobra is a nickname for Lance Corporal Tonga another man named among those arrested is Etienne Faber sue he is the platoon commander who was interviewed by Channel 4 News in 2015 as far as we can tell he does not appear in the video we put these findings to the government of Cameroon who responded seven soldiers were arrested this arm they are under investigation right now I can confirm them are in prison the government statement on the arrests makes clear that all these men enjoy the presumption of innocence until the investigation has been concluded and that all of them will be given a fair trial no due process was extended to the two women killed outside gsella vet and no presumption of innocence was afforded to the children who died with them you [Music] [Music] you

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